What is a kidney?
The kidneys receive blood from the aorta, filters it, and sends it back to the heart with the right balance of chemicals and fluids for use throughout the body. Urine was created by the kidneys will be moved out of the body through the urinary tract.
When the kidneys are not working properly, waste products and fluid can build up to dangerous levels, creating a life-threatening situation. Among the important substances the kidneys help to control are sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate (HCO3-), pH, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium.
Diseases And Conditions That Affect Kidney
(For links to more information, see the Related Pages, Elsewhere on the Web.) Any disease that affects the blood vessels, including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis, may interfere with the ability of the kidneys to filter blood and regulate fluids in the body.
Diseases and infections in other parts of the body can also lead to kidney problems. Because life-threatening kidney damage, disorders and diseases that affect the kidneys appropriate prompt attention.
Kidney disease often causes no symptoms until late in its journey and can lead to end-stage renal failure, which is fatal unless the dialysis machine is used or a kidney transplant done.
There are over 100 disorders, diseases and conditions that can cause progressive damage of the kidney. Some of the more common problems described here. Warning signs that should not be overlooked are also listed.
Signs And Symptoms of Kidney Disease
For that reason, routine blood and urine tests are very important, they detect blood or protein in the urine and normal chemical levels in the blood, such as creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), early signs of kidney problems and failures.
The following problems may be warning signs of kidney disease and should not be ignored. Needed immediate medical attention if any of the following conditions appear:
- Urinate more often or less
- Fatigue, loss of concentration
- Loss of appetite, nausea and / or vomiting
- Swelling and / or numbness in the hands and feet
- Dark Skin
- muscle spasms