Different Types of Heart Disease

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Different Types of Heart Disease

Coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, heart attack - each type of heart problems require different treatment but can share the warning signs of the same.

It is important to see your doctor so that you can receive the correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Learn to recognize the symptoms that may signal heart disease.

Call your doctor if you begin to have new symptoms or if they become sick more often so heavy.

Symptoms of Heart Disease

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease
The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is angina, or chest pain. Angina can be described as a discomfort, heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness, squeezing, or painful feeling in your chest.

It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn. Angina can also be felt in the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw, or back.
Other symptoms of coronary artery disease include:
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Palpitations (irregular heart beats, or a "flip-flop" feeling in your chest).
  • A faster heartbeat.
  • Weakness or dizziness.
  • Nausea.
  • Sweating.

Symptoms of Heart Attack
Symptoms of a heart attack may include:
  • Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone.
  • Discomfort radiating to, jaw throat back, or arms.
  • Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn).
  • Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness.
  • Extreme weakness, anxiety or shortness of breath.
  • Rapid heartbeat or irregular.
During a heart attack, symptoms usually last 30 minutes or so and is not relieved by rest or oral medications.

Early symptoms may start as a mild discomfort that develop into significant pain. Some people have no symptoms of heart attack, known as a "silent" myocardial infarction (MI). It occurs more often in people with diabetes.

If you think you are having a heart attack, DO NOT DELAY. Emergency assistance (dial 911 in most areas). Direct treatment of heart attacks is very important to reduce the amount of damage to your liver.

Symptoms of Arrhythmia
When symptoms of arrhythmia, or abnormal heart rhythm, and may include:
  • Palpitations (feeling neglected heart beats, fluttering or flip-flops in your chest).
  • Pounding in your chest.
  • Dizziness or feeling dizzy.
  • Fainting.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest discomfort.
  • Weakness or fatigue (feeling very tired).
  • Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a type of arrhythmia. Most people with AF experience one or more of the following symptoms:
Palpitations (feeling of pounding, fluttering or racing heart suddenly).
Lack of energy.
Dizziness (feeling faint or dizzy).
Chest discomfort (pain, pressure, or discomfort in the chest).
Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing during normal activities).
Some patients with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms. Sometimes a short episode.

Types of Heart Disease

Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is the # 1 killer America, affecting more than 13 million Americans.

Enlarged heart (cardiomegaly)
Enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) can have many different causes. But it is usually caused by high blood pressure (hypertension) or coronary artery disease.

Irregular Heart Rhythm
Irregular heart rhythms - arrhythmias - is when your heart does not beat a good follow.

Atrial Fibrillation
This is the most common type of irregular heartbeat. This is where to find out what it is, and what to do about it.

Sudden Cardiac Death
This is the cause of half of all heart disease deaths.

Congenital Heart Disease
Not all people get heart disease. Some are born with it.

Enlarged heart (cardiomegaly)
Learn the causes, symptoms, and treatment of heart enlargement.

Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)
Heart muscle disease - what doctors call cardiomyopathy - is as serious as it sounds.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Symptoms DC - dilated cardiomyopathy - can appear at any age.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
HCM - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - is a thickening of the heart wall.

Limiting Cardiomyopathy
Restrictive cardiomyopathy is the rarest form of heart muscle disease.

Did you know that your heart is held by a small bag? That sac - the pericardium - could be infected.

Pericardial effusion
Fluid around the heart can be caused by many types of infection / inflammation or cancer, kidney disease or heart surgery. This fluid can damage heart function.

Marfan Syndrome
This inherited genetic defects weaken connective tissue - including the liver.